28 Sep, 2015
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The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were adopted by the 193 members of the United Nations on 25 September 2015. These goals were adopted at the three-day Sustainable Development Summit 2015 held at the United Nations headquarters at New York (USA). The SDGs replaced the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that were adopted in the year 2000.
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in brief
– The MDGs were officially established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000. Up to 2015, the development agenda was centered on these MDGs as these goals were adopted for a 15-year time frame (2000 to 2015)
– The MDGs relied more on wealthy nations helping poorer ones, and were devised by people working for the then-U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan.
– Despite significant progress, the only one of those MDGS achieved before 2015 was halving the number of people living in extreme poverty. That was due primarily to economic growth in China.
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in brief
– The SDGs consist of 17 broad goals and 169 specific targets
– The SDGs comprise of a wide range of sustainable development issues. These include ending poverty and hunger, improving health and education, making cities more sustainable, combating climate change, and protecting oceans and forests
– They replaced the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that were adopted in 2000.
– Formal debate concerning the SDGs first took place at the 2012 United Nations conference in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). The 192 UN member states agreed at the Rio+20 summit to start a process of designing SDGs.
– The task for preparing a broad proposal on SDGs was assigned to a 30-member Open Working Group (OWG) that was established on 22 January 2013 by the decision of the UN General Assembly.
– After 13 sessions, the OWG submitted their proposal of 17 SDGs and 169 targets to the 68th session of the UN General Assembly in September, 2014.
– The SDGs are estimated to cost the world between $3.5 trillion and $5 trillion a year between 2016 and the end of 2030.
17 broad goals under Sustainable Development Goals
1) End poverty in all its forms everywhere
2) End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
3) Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
4) Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
5) Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
6) Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
7) Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
8) Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
9) Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
10) Reduce inequality within and among countries
11) Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
12) Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
13) Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
14) Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
15) Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
16) Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
17) Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development
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