Union Govt. on 3 July 2015 released the findings of Socio Economic & Caste Census 2011 (SECC 2011). This was the first socio-economic and caste census conducted in India since 1934. This huge data collection exercise was conducted by the Ministry of Rural Development.
Why SECC 2011 was conducted?
Commissioned by the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) in 2011, it was meant to canvass every Indian family, both in rural and urban India, and ask about their economic status so as to allow Central and State authorities to come up with a range of indicators of deprivation, permutations and combinations of which could be used by each authority to define a poor or deprived person.
How SECC was conducted?
Ministry of Rural Development commenced the Socio-Economic Caste Census-2011 on 29 June, 2011 through a comprehensive door to door enumeration across the country. SECC 2011 has three census components which were conducted by three separate authorities but under the overall coordination of Department of Rural Development in the Government of India. Census in Rural Area has been conducted by the Department of Rural Development (DoRD). Census in Urban areas is under the administrative jurisdiction of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA). On the other hand Caste Census is under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs: Registrar General of India (RGI) and Census Commissioner of India.
Key findings of SECC 2011 pertaining to country’s RURAL Populace
– Total Households in the Country (Rural plus Urban) – 24.39 Crore
– Total Rural Households – 17.91 Crore
– The average size of a rural Indian household is 4.93
– Uttar Pradesh has the largest rural household size in the country with 6.26 members
– Andhra Pradesh has the smallest rural household size in the country with 3.86 members
– Only 13% rural households in the country have a female head
– Kerala has the highest number of female heads in rural households – 26%
– Rajasthan has the smallest number of female heads in rural households – 9%
– Only 0.12% of the rural people of the country have been divorced
– Mizoram has the highest instance of rural divorces in the country – 1.08%
– 36% of rural Indians are illiterate
– Only 3.45% of rural Indians are graduates
– The highest proportion for rural graduates is in the National Capital Territory and Delhi, at 9.6%
– Only 10% rural households have someone with a salaried job
– 8% rural households earn Rs. 10,000 or more every month
– Nearly 19% of India’s rural population lacked at least one of seven socio-economic parameters used to estimate deprivation that include source of income, the presence of an able and literate adult and quality dwelling
– About 30% of rural households in the country are landless
– 23.5% of rural households have no literate adults above the age of 25
– Around 28% of rural households are without any phone
– Chhattisgarh has the largest rural population without any phones – 71%
– 68.35% of the rural households have mobiles as their only phone(s)