Socio Economic & Caste Census 2011 : Rural Picture

Site Administrator

Editorial Team

08 Jul, 2015

9733 Times Read.


RSS Feeds RSS Feed for this Article


About Socio Economic & Caste Census 2011

Union Govt. on 3 July 2015 released the findings of Socio Economic & Caste Census 2011 (SECC 2011). This was the first socio-economic and caste census conducted in India since 1934. This huge data collection exercise was conducted by the Ministry of Rural Development.

Why SECC 2011 was conducted?

Commissioned by the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) in 2011, it was meant to canvass every Indian family, both in rural and urban India, and ask about their economic status so as to allow Central and State authorities to come up with a range of indicators of deprivation, permutations and combinations of which could be used by each authority to define a poor or deprived person.

How SECC was conducted?

Ministry of Rural Development commenced the Socio-Economic Caste Census-2011 on 29 June, 2011 through a comprehensive door to door enumeration across the country. SECC 2011 has three census components which were conducted by three separate authorities but under the overall coordination of Department of Rural Development in the Government of India. Census in Rural Area has been conducted by the Department of Rural Development (DoRD). Census in Urban areas is under the administrative jurisdiction of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA). On the other hand Caste Census is under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs: Registrar General of India (RGI) and Census Commissioner of India.

Key findings of SECC 2011 pertaining to country’s RURAL Populace

Total Households in the Country (Rural plus Urban) – 24.39 Crore

Total Rural Households – 17.91 Crore

The average size of a rural Indian household is 4.93

Uttar Pradesh has the largest rural household size in the country with 6.26 members

Andhra Pradesh has the smallest rural household size in the country with 3.86 members

Only 13% rural households in the country have a female head

Kerala has the highest number of female heads in rural households – 26%

Rajasthan has the smallest number of female heads in rural households – 9%

Only 0.12% of the rural people of the country have been divorced

Mizoram has the highest instance of rural divorces in the country – 1.08%

36% of rural Indians are illiterate

Only 3.45% of rural Indians are graduates

The highest proportion for rural graduates is in the National Capital Territory and Delhi, at 9.6%

Only 10% rural households have someone with a salaried job

8% rural households earn Rs. 10,000 or more every month

Nearly 19% of India’s rural population lacked at least one of seven socio-economic parameters used to estimate deprivation that include source of income, the presence of an able and literate adult and quality dwelling

About 30% of rural households in the country are landless

23.5% of rural households have no literate adults above the age of 25

Around 28% of rural households are without any phone

Chhattisgarh has the largest rural population without any phones – 71%

68.35% of the rural households have mobiles as their only phone(s)


The Swedish newspaper was recently asked it to delete the reference made by President Pranab Mukherjee to the Bofors scam in an interview to it, as a claim protested by the Indian Government on 27 May 2015. India has expressed disappointment over the disrespect shown to the President, the newspaper has defended its right to publish what was said during the interview.

Know, who is Vijay Kelkar and what is PPP !

Vijay Kelkar is a renowned economist and a former Finance Secretary. He was appointed head of newly constituted committee to give recommendations to recast the model of Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) model in India. India is one of the largest PPP market with over 900 projects. The Kelkar committee will review the PPP policy, suggest a better risk-sharing mechanism between private developers and the government after analysing such projects.

Know, who is Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar !

Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar was crowned as the new Maharaja of of Mysuru (Mysore) royal family. He is the 23-year old grandson of Princess Gayathri Devi, who was the eldest daughter of the last Maharaja of Mysore, Sri Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar. The coronation was held at Mysuru’s famous Amba Vilas Palace, which was decked up for the occasion.

Know about Sepp Blatter!

Swpp Blatter, was re-elected as FIFA president for a fifth term at the 65th Annual Congress of FIFA held at Zurich for four year term.

Prince Ali bin al-Hussein of Jordan stood against Blatter in this election. It is worth mentioning that FIFA is going through a major controversy regarding corruption in the organisation with two FIFA vice presidents and a recently elected FIFA executive committee member still in custody.


Responses on This Article

© Nirdeshak. All rights reserved.