28-30 June 2017 Current Affairs

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30 Jun, 2017

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1) What is the name of India’s latest communication satellite that was successfully launched by a heavy duty rocket of Arianespace from the spaceport of Kourou in French Guiana on 28 June 2017? – GSAT-17

Explanation: GSAT-17 is the name of India’s latest communication satellite that was launched into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) on 28 June 2017. With a lift-off mass of about 3,477 kg this satellite carries payloads in Normal C- band, Extended C-band and S-band to provide various communication services.

GSAT-17 is expected to strengthen ISRO’s current fleet of 17 telecommunications satellites. It also carries equipment for meteorological data relay and satellite based search and rescue services being provided by earlier INSAT satellites.

It was launched into the space through European launcher Arianespace Flight VA238 from Ariane Launch Complex No 3 (ELA 3) at Kourou, a French territory located in northeastern coast of South America.

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2) World’s first ATM (situated in Enfield in north London) completed 50 years on 27 June 2017. It belongs to which British bank? – Barclays Bank

Explanation: The brainchild of Scottish inventor Shepherd-Barron, the first ATM (automated teller machine) was opened on 27 June 1967 at a branch of Barclays bank in Enfield, north London. It was the first of six cash dispensers commissioned by the bank.

Actor Reg Varney, who starred in the British comedy show ‘On The Buses’, was the first to withdraw cash from the machine. This ATM heralded a transformation in the way people obtained and used cash. There are now an estimated three million cash machines across the globe, with some 70,000 cash machines in the UK alone, which dispensed nearly $200 billion in 2016.

The iconic ATM was turned into gold for celebrations of its fiftieth anniversary that was observed with fanfare on 27 June 2017.

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3) Search engine behemoth Google was imposed a record $2.7 billion fine by which entity on 27 June 2017 on charges of skewing search results? – European Commission

Explanation: On 27 June 2017 European Commission slapped a record $2.7 billion (€ 2.42-billion) fine on Google for illegally favouring its online shopping service. With this Alphabet Inc.’s Google lost its biggest regulatory battle yet.

Google was charged with skewing results in its favour to thwart smaller shopping search services and more importantly denying European consumers a genuine choice of services.

This mammoth fine on Google marks the end of a lengthy seven-year probe fuelled by complaints from small shopping websites as well as bigger names, including News Corp., Axel Springer SE and Microsoft Corp.

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4) During June 2017 two major global cyber-attacks disrupted computers at India’s largest container port, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) and at Gujarat Pipavav Port. What are the names of the ransomware believed to be responsible for these attacks? – GoldenEye and Petya

Explanation: Operations at one of three terminals at India’s largest container port, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) run by AP Moller-Maersk, near Mumbai, were disrupted by a global ransomware attack. This was disclosed by port management on 28 June 2017. The version that caused the disruption has been dubbed GoldenEye by security firm Bitdefender Labs.

On the other hand, operations at the Danish firm’s terminal at Gujarat Pipavav Port were also affected, but by the Petya variant of the ransomware. Ransomware typically logs users out of their own systems and asks them to pay a ransom if they want to access the encrypted data.

The ransomware hit the integrated transport and logistics firm’s global operations on Tuesday across its 75 terminals. It also impacted Chernobyl’s radiation monitoring system, law firm DLA Piper, pharma firm Merck, a number of banks, an airport, the Kiev metro, British advertising giant WPP and Russian oil firm Rosneft.

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5) Printing of which new currency denomination note was started by the RBI during June 2017, as was reported in some sections of media on 28 June 2017? – Rs. 200

Explanation: During June 2017 the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) started printing of currency notes of Rs. 200 denomination. With this, India’s re-monetisation exercise appears to be entering its final lap.

For day-to-day transaction purposes, the introduction of 200 rupee notes is expected to add to the ease of operations. Lower denomination note aids the government’s efforts at realigning the currency mix in the system.

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6) Who was crowned Miss India World 2017 in the 54th edition of ‘Femina Miss India World’ that concluded on 25 June 2017? – Manushi Chillar

Explanation: Manushi Chillar of Haryana was crowned Miss India World 2017 at the 54th Femina Miss India World. The event was held at Yash Raj Studios in Mumbai on 25 June 2017.

Manushi, born to doctor parents, studied in St. Thomas School in Delhi and Bhagat Phool Singh Government Medical College for Women in Sonepat.

The first runner-up of the event was Sana Dua from Jammu and Kashmir and the second runner-up was Priyanka Kumari from Bihar. This was the first time the participants wore Indian dress at the finale designed by Manish Malhotra.

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7) Which city was crowned with the prestigious ‘World Book Capital’ title for 2019 by UNESCO on 27 June 2017? – Sharjah (UAE)

Explanation: An international committee of UNESCO experts selected UAE city Sharjah for the ‘World Book Capital’ title for year 2019. This city was chosen for the quality of its literary and cultural activities, and for its unfailing efforts to make books accessible to the entire population of the nation. The announcement was made after at a meeting held at the headquarters of the International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) at The Hague (the Netherlands).

Sharjah thus became the 19th city to become World Book Capital. It was preceded by Madrid (2001), Alexandria (2002), New Delhi (2003), Antwerp (2004), Montreal (2005), Turin (2006), Bogota (2007), Amsterdam (2008), Beirut (2009), Ljubljana (2010), Buenos Aires (2011), Yerevan (2012), Bangkok (2013), Port Harcourt (2014), Incheon (2015), Wroclaw (2016), Conakry (2017) and Athens (2018).

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The Swedish newspaper was recently asked it to delete the reference made by President Pranab Mukherjee to the Bofors scam in an interview to it, as a claim protested by the Indian Government on 27 May 2015. India has expressed disappointment over the disrespect shown to the President, the newspaper has defended its right to publish what was said during the interview.

Know, who is Vijay Kelkar and what is PPP !

Vijay Kelkar is a renowned economist and a former Finance Secretary. He was appointed head of newly constituted committee to give recommendations to recast the model of Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) model in India. India is one of the largest PPP market with over 900 projects. The Kelkar committee will review the PPP policy, suggest a better risk-sharing mechanism between private developers and the government after analysing such projects.

Know, who is Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar !

Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar was crowned as the new Maharaja of of Mysuru (Mysore) royal family. He is the 23-year old grandson of Princess Gayathri Devi, who was the eldest daughter of the last Maharaja of Mysore, Sri Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar. The coronation was held at Mysuru’s famous Amba Vilas Palace, which was decked up for the occasion.

Know about Sepp Blatter!

Swpp Blatter, was re-elected as FIFA president for a fifth term at the 65th Annual Congress of FIFA held at Zurich for four year term.

Prince Ali bin al-Hussein of Jordan stood against Blatter in this election. It is worth mentioning that FIFA is going through a major controversy regarding corruption in the organisation with two FIFA vice presidents and a recently elected FIFA executive committee member still in custody.

 


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