26-27 July 2017 Current Affairs

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27 Jul, 2017

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1) Ram Nath Kovind took over as the 14th President of the Indian Union on 25 July 2017. With his taking the charge of the highest post in the country, what new chapter was written in the annals of Presidents of India? – It is the first time that a BJP member has reached the post of President

Explanation: 71-year old Ram Nath Kovind on 25 July 2017 became the 14th President of India at an oath ceremony held in the Central Hall of Parliament. He was administered oath by Chief Justice of India Justice J.S. Khehar. Apart from being the second Dalit President after K.R. Narayanan, Kovind also became the first-ever BJP member to hold the nation’s highest office.

A 21-gun salute was given in his honour and the new President then delivered his acceptance speech and first address to the nation. Earlier, before the oath ceremony Kovind paid homage to Mahatma Gandhi at Rajghat in New Delhi.

While the sprawling 340-room Rashtrapati Bhawan became the residence of the 14th President of the country, the outgoing President Pranab Mukherjee on the same day moved to his new residence – 10, Rajaji Marg, a 2-storey villa, a short distance from the massive Presidential Palace. Keeping with the tradition, President Ram Nath Kovind gave a warm farewell to Mukherjee and accompanied him to his new residence to bid him good bye.

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2) Prof. Yaspal, the eminent Indian scientist, educator and educationist, passed away on 24 July 2017. Under his chairmanship a landmark report on the issue of overburdening of school children was published in 1993. What is the name of this report? – ‘Learning Without Burden’

Explanation: Veteran scientist, administrator and popular science communicator, Professor Yash Pal died on 24 July 2017 in Noida, Uttar Pradesh. He was 90. He made significant contributions to the field of science and to the study of cosmic rays, high-energy physics, astrophysics and development, among others. He was also instrumental in establishing institutions that were keys to India’s space programme.

In 1991 Yash Pal hosted ‘Turning Point’, a popular science show on Doordarshan. He was also the recipient of several awards including the Indira Gandhi Prize for Popularization of Science in 2000 and the Meghnad Saha Medal in 2006. He served as the Chancellor of Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi from 2007 to 2012. He was also the Chairman of the University Grants Commission (UGC) from 1986 to 1991.

In 1993, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India, set up a National Advisory Committee, with Yash Pal as chairman, to go into the issue of overburdening of school children. The report of the committee, entitled “Learning without Burden”, is now regarded as a seminal document in Indian education.

When the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) embarked on the exercise of drawing up the National Curriculum Framework (NCF), Prof. Yash Pal was asked to chair its Steering Committee. In 2009, the MHRD set up a Committee on Higher Education with him as the chairman, for examining reform of higher education in India.

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3) State-owned broadcaster Doordarshan during July 2017 invited entries from the public to design a new logo to replace its iconic ‘human eye’ logo. Doordarshan has been using this logo since which year? – 1959

Explanation: Doordarshan has been sporting the current ‘human eye’ logo since 1959. This iconic logo was designed by Devashis Bhattacharya then a student of Ahmedabad-based National Institute of Design (NID). The logo was officially launched on 15 September 1959.

Doordarshan has in July 2017 invited entries from Indian citizens to design a new logo to replace this old logo. According to the invitation seeking new designs, the new logo will connect and identify with the younger generation. A cash prize of Rs. 1,00,000 will be given to winner.

This comes as a part of Prasar Bharati’s efforts to revive the viewership and finances of the entire Doordarshan network. Doordarshan operates 23 channels across the country.

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4) Microsoft Inc. on 24 July 2017 announced the deprecation of which very popular 32-year-old program that led to huge outpouring of fans in favour of it? – MS Paint

Explanation: Software behemoth Microsoft Inc. announced the deprecation of MS Paint, the hugely popular paint drawing and image processing program that made its debut in 1985 with the Windows operating system. Deprecation of MS Paint means that it will not be available as a default part of Windows package, like it had been available since 1985. It also means that the program is not in active development in Microsoft.

But the announcement of the potential removal of MS Paint led to an anguished outcry almost all the world with its lovers demanding that it should not be removed from new updates of Windows.

Later Microsoft announced that it will save MS Paint by putting it on the Windows Store. This means that the program will no longer be installed by default with Windows and on work and enterprise machines. However, home users will be free to download Microsoft Paint from the Windows Store.

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5) NSE Nifty on 25 July 2017 breached which landmark level for the point? – 10,000 points

Explanation: On 25 July 2017 the National Stock Exchange of India’s benchmark Nifty 50 index opened above 10,000 points, the first time it breached that mark. The climb from 9,000 to 10,000 took 875 days.

It is worth mentioning that Nifty had crossed the 1,000 point mark on 3 November 1995 and had taken 2985 days to cross 2,000 points mark (on 9 Jan 2004). But it took just 35 days (on 1 November 2007) to cross 6,000 point mark after the index crossed the 5,000 point mark on 27 September 2007.

The rise in Indian equities has been fuelled by consistent buying from domestic and foreign institutions. So far this year, local mutual funds and insurance companies have bought Rs. 24,000 crore worth of stocks, while foreign funds have purchased around $8.5 billion.

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