20-25 November 2017 Current Affairs

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25 Nov, 2017

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1) Who took over as the new President of Zimbabwe on 24 November 2017 thus ending 37 years of authoritarian rule of Robert Mugabe? – Emmerson Mnangagwa

Explanation: Emmerson Mnangagwa, the former Vice-President who had fled the country earlier, on 24 November 2017 took oath as the third President of Zimbabwe. The event marked the dramatic departure of Robert Mugabe after 37 years of authoritarian rule.

Mnangagwa’s historic swearing-in ceremony was held in capital Harare’s National Sports Stadium with huge crowd gathered to witness the event. A longtime ally of Robert Mugabe, Mnangagwa served as the first Vice-President of Zimbabwe from 2014 until his dismissal in November 2017. He had fled to South Africa and returned back on 22 November 2017 to a roaring welcome.

93-year-old Robert Mugabe, who became country’s first Prime Minister in 1980, had announced his resignation on 21 November 2017 after a coup in which his own party ZANU – Patriotic Front (ZANU–PF) withdrew its support while the Army intervened to oust him. Mugabe ruled the country from 1980 to 2017, first as Prime Minister (1980-87) and then as President (1987-2017). His rule witnessed severe decline in food production leading to famine, drastic economic decline, hyper-inflation, international sanctions and country’s isolation from some international forums.

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2) What is the name of India’s nominee to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) Dalveer Bhandari was on 20 November 2017 re-elected to the fifth and the last seat of the court after Britain withdrew its candidate from the election? – Dalveer Singh

Explanation: India’s nominee to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) Dalveer Bhandari was re-elected to the fifth and the last seat of the prestigious world court after Britain withdrew its candidate Christopher Greenwood from the election. The ICJ comprises of 15 members.

Bhandari and Britain’s Greenwood were locked in a neck-and-neck fight for re-election to the ICJ. Bhandari’s win became imminent after Britain, in a dramatic turn of events, withdrew out of the race for the Hague-based ICJ. Thus it is first time in 71 years that Britain has no representative in the ICJ.

In the 11 rounds of voting, Dalveer Bhandari had got nearly two-thirds of the votes in the General Assembly and in Security Council Greenwood consistently received nine votes as against five for his opponent. This resulted in a stalemate.

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3) What is the name of the new all-in-one application (app) launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 24 November 2017 that offers 100+ center and state government services under a one-single platform? – ‘Umang’

Explanation: ‘Umang’ is the name of the new all-in-one application that was launched at the fifth edition of the Global Conference on Cyberspace at an event in New Delhi on 24 November 2017 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Umang stands for ‘Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance’ and is envisaged to make e-governance easier.

This app basically provides a unified approach where users can install one application to avail multiple government services – almost over 100 of them. The key goal of launching this application is to allow the citizens of India do everything online, at just a click – be it making a passport, Aadhaar or Pan, book a gas cylinder, know about Provident fund account or resolving an Aadhaar related issue.

The application is developed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and National e-Governance Division (NeGD) in order to drive Mobile Governance in India and also promote Digital India program.

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4) Which country is ranked the world’s richest in terms of per capita GDP of countries as per latest data released by the IMF on 18 November 2017? – Qatar

Explanation: The small Middle Eastern country of Qatar topped the International Monetary Fund’s October 2017 data on GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity that was released on 18 November 2017. According to the IMF, Qatar’s per capita GDP stood at $1,24,930 with a population of approximately 2.27 million.

The country has grown despite facing lower prices for hydrocarbon, a major revenue source for Qatar, which is used for fuel.

After Qatar the data listed following country chronologically in the top 10 – Luxembourg ($109,190), Singapore ($90,530), Brunei ($76,740), Ireland ($72,630), Norway ($72,630), Kuwait ($69,670), United Arab Emirates ($68,250), Switzerland ($61,360) and Hong Kong ($61,020).

India was placed at 126th place in the listing, with one place improvement. India’s GDP rose to $7,170 in 2017, from $6,690 last year, helping improve its rank by a position to 126th.

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5) The Indian Navy will soon get its first-ever woman pilot who will be flying a maritime reconnaissance aircraft. What is her name? – Shubhangi Swaroop

Explanation: Shubhangi Swaroop of Uttar Pradesh is set to be the first woman pilot of the Indian Navy. She completed her initial training at the Ezhimala Naval Academy (Kerala) on 22 November 2017 and will now head to INS Garuda in Kochi and then graduate to the Air Force Academy in Hyderabad, which trains pilots of the Army, Navy and the Air Force. On successful completion of training, she will become the first woman pilot in Indian Navy’s maritime reconnaissance stream.

Besides her, three other women cadets – Astha Segal from New Delhi, Roopa A from Puducherry and Sakthi Maya S from Kerala – have also been inducted in the Navy’s armament division, which was earlier considered a men-only unit.

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6) The first-ever North East Development Summit was held at which place during November 2017? – Imphal (Manipur)

Explanation: Manipur hosted the first edition of North East Development Summit on 21 and 22 November 2017. The Summit was inaugurated by President Ram Nath Kovind in Imphal on 21 November 2017.

The Summit was organized by the Manipur government in association with India Foundation, a Delhi-based think tank, and was aimed at “building confidence” and altering the “perception” about India’s North Eastern region.

While Chief Ministers of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland addressed the gathering, their counterparts from Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura and Sikkim were absent.

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7) What is the objective of the new scheme called “Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra” that was approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) on 22 November 2017? – Empowering rural women through community participation

Explanation: The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs on 22 November 2017 approved a new scheme called “Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra” (“PMMSK”), which aims at empowering rural women through community participation to create an environment in which they realise their full potential.

The scheme is part of the Umbrella Scheme “Mission for Protection and Empowerment for Women” of the Ministry of Women and Child Development.

The scheme is envisaged to work at various levels. The national level (domain based knowledge support) and state level (State Resource Centre for Women) structures will provide technical support to the respective governments on issues related to women. The district and block level centres will provide support to PMMSK and also give a foothold to Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme in 640 districts to be covered in a phased manner.”

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8) According to a latest report by UN Women and the UN Development Programme (UNDP), which region is ranked as the World’s most violent region for women? – Latin America and the Caribbean

Explanation: Latin America and the Caribbean is the most violent region in the world for women. This was disclosed by the United Nations (UN) in Panama on 22 November 2017. The conclusion has been drawn based on a report prepared by UN Women and the UN Development Programme (UNDP).

The report found assaults on women persisted in the region despite severe laws aimed at curbing the phenomenon. The rate of sexual violence against women outside of relationships is the highest in the world in the region. According to the report, 3 of the 10 countries with the highest rates of rape of women and girls were in the Caribbean.

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