15 Sep, 2015
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1) Who was elected as the new Prime Minister of Australia on 14 September 2015 after Tony Abbott was ousted from power in an internal party ballot in the ruling Liberal party? – Malcolm Turnbull
Explanation: Malcolm Turnbull, a former Liberal Party leader and Communications Minister, became Australia’s fourth Prime Minister in just over two years after Tony Abbott lost a leadership ballot by members of his party. The members of the ruling Liberal Party voted 54 to 44 to replace Abbott with Turnball. The change in leadership continues an extraordinarily volatile period in Australian politics. The Liberals were elected in 2013 as a stable alternative to the then-Labour government. Labour came to power under Kevin Rudd at elections in 2007, only to dump him for his deputy Julia Gillard in 2010 months ahead of elections. The bitterly divided and chaotic government then dumped Ms. Gillard for Rudd just months before the 2013 election. Before Rudd was elected in 2007, John Howard was in power for almost 12 years.
2) World No.1 Novak Djokovic of Serbia won the US Open men’s singles title on 13 September 2015 by defeating his arch-rival Roger Federer in the finals. With this title win, Djokovic once again broke Federer’s dream of his 18th Grand Slam title. Djokovic has now won how many singles Grand Slam titles? – Ten
Explanation: Novak Djokovic clinched his third Grand Slam title of 2015 and 10th career major with a 6-4, 5-7, 6-4, 6-4 triumph over Roger Federer, who was the sentimental favourite. Djokovic’s 10 Grand Slam titles makes him level with American Bill Tilden and just one shy of Bjorn Borg (Sweden) and Rod Laver (Australia) on the all-time list. Djokovic has won the Australian Open and Wimbledon titles this year. This was his second US Open title to add to his 2011 triumph. On the other hand the defeat shattered 34-year-old Federer’s bid to become the oldest US Open champion in 45 years and left him marooned on 17 Grand Slam titles, the last of which came at Wimbledon in 2012.
3) Recent media reports have disclosed that the supremacy of Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) as the number one militant organization in Kashmir has ended. An indigenous organization, with almost all members from Kashmir has replaced it. Which organization is this? – Hizbul Mujahideen
Explanation: Recent media reports disclosed that the indigenous Hizbul Mujahideen, with almost all members from Kashmir, is now back as the number one militant group. It thus ended the supremacy of Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), which had a majority of members from Pakistan. In the most dependable estimates available from J&K police and other sources, about 200 active militants are operating in the State. Of them, over 80 are in Hizbul Mujahideen, while LeT has about 60 members, of which 40 are believed to be Pakistanis. Many other militant groups have altogether vanished or are on the fringe. Jaish-e-Mohammed, founded by Maulana Masood Azhar, who was released in 1999 in Kandahar in exchange for passengers of the hijacked IC 814 aircraft, is now down to less than a dozen militants on its rolls. Many see it as a warning to policymakers in both Centre and State to wake up to the new tide of local youths joining militancy, and the dramatic indigenisation of militant violence, which since the late 1990s was dominated by LeT.
4) What is the name given to the first-ever bilateral naval exercise between India and Australia that commenced from 12 September 2015 at Visakhapatnam? – AUSINDEX-15
Explanation: AUSINDEX-15 is the name given to the first bilateral naval exercise being conducted off the east coast of India from 12 September to 19 September 2015. The exercise focuses on anti-submarine warfare as the two countries look at deepening defence cooperation especially in the Indian Ocean. The Royal Australian Navy has sent three ships for the exercise – Sirius (fleet tanker), Arunta (Anzac class frigate), and (Collins class submarine) while the Indian Navy is represented by INS Shivalik (stealth frigate), INS Ranvijay (guided missile destroyer) and INS Shakti (fleet tanker). The exercise also aims at strengthening professional interaction, both in harbour and at sea and would be a start for attaining interoperability between the two navies.
5) Who was unanimously elected as the new Chairman of the Press Trust of India (PTI) on 14 September 2015? – Hormusji N Cama (Director, ‘Bombay Samachar’)
Explanation: Hormusji Cama is associated with ‘Bombay Samachar’, a daily, which is the oldest continuously-published newspaper in India from 1855. He succeeded Mahendra Mohan Gupta, Chairman and Managing Director of the Jagran Prakashan Limited, the publisher of ‘Dainik Jagran’. Riyad Mathew, Director of Malayala Manorama Group was elected as the new Vice Chairman of PTI. PTI is the largest news agency in India and a cooperative of more than 500 Indian newspapers. It is the only news agency in India which operates its own communication satellite to broadcast news and information.
6) The 6th Indo-Maldives joint Military Training Exercise, which concluded on 13 September 2015, was held at which place? – Thiruvananthapuram
Explanation: The sixth edition of Indo-Maldives joint Military Training Exercise was held from 31 August to 13 September 2015 at Pangode Military Station in Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala). It was titled EKUVERIN 2015 and comprised of 45 soldiers from the Bihar Regiment of Indian Army and same number of marines from the Maldivian National Defence Force. It was the first joint exercise involving an international contingent to be conducted at Thiruvananthapuram, which is being developed as a Training Node by the Indian Army. It is worth mentioning that the joint Military Training Exercise between Indian and the Maldives was started in 2009 with the first edition taking place in Belgaum (Karnataka). The bilateral exercise is held annually, alternately in India and Maldives, with the aim of enhancing military cooperation and interoperability between defence forces of the two countries.
7) Which billionaire businessman came to news for recently purchasing the iconic ‘Lincoln House’ in Mumbai for a huge price of Rs. 750 crore? – Cyrus Poonawalla
Explanation: ‘Lincoln House’ is located in the Breach Candy area of south Mumbai, which was used to house the US consulate. It is spread over an area around 50,000 square feet. It was recently purchased by Cyrus Poonawalla, the billionaire chairman of the Pune-based Serum Institute, for an exorbitantly high price of Rs. 750 crore. This deal also became the largest real estate deal in the country’s financial capital. The high-profile deal came within a week of industrialist Kumar Mangalam Birla’s deal worth Rs 425 crore for buying Jatia House in the plush Malabar Hill area.
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