13 July 2017 Current Affairs

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13 Jul, 2017

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1) The Union Cabinet on 12 July 2017 cleared a proposal by the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) to set up its South Asia Regional Centre in which Indian city? – Varanasi

Explanation: Uttar Pradesh’s historic city Varanasi, Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Lok Sabha constituency, will have the privilege of hosting the South Asia Regional Centre of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). The PM led Union Cabinet okayed a proposal to set up this centre in Varanasi on 12 July 2017.

This centre will be a boost for research on developing new breeds of rice and improving yields of existing varieties in India. The centre, which will be opened on the campus of the National Seed Research and Training Centre (NSRTC), will help harness and sustain rice production and develop special rice varieties. It will help India achieve higher per-hectare yield and improve nutrition content of rice.

Rice is the most important food crop in India, grown mostly during the rain-fed Kharif crop season.

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2) During July 2017 which state became India’s first state to lay down minimum educational qualifications for contesting elections to cooperative bodies? – Rajasthan

Explanation: According to a notification issued by the Rajasthan state government on 10 July 2017 it has laid down the minimum educational qualifications for contesting elections to village cooperative societies and various other cooperative bodies. For this the State Cooperative Societies Rules, 2003 has been amended.

Thus the state became the first in the country to prescribe minimum educational qualification rules for cooperatives.

The educational qualifications will range from Class V to Class VIII for election as members of governing boards of dairy societies, farming societies, consumer societies, weavers’ societies, housing construction societies, urban banks, primary land development banks, credit societies, salary earners’ societies and cooperative unions.

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3) In a first of its kind of development, the Indian Government gave financial assistance of $500,000 (around Rs. 3.2 crore) to which country to wage battle against Islamic State-affiliated terror groups? – The Philippines

Explanation: India has rushed financial assistance of $500,000 (25 million pesos or Rs. 3.2 crore) to the Philippines for its battle against Islamic State (IS)-affiliated terror groups in the city of Marawi, 800km south of Manila, in the troubled Mindanao province.

This aid is intended for relief and rehabilitation and is the first time India is sending aid to another country to save itself from deadly terror groups.

The aid follows a conversation between Indian External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Philippines’ Foreign Secretary Alan Peter Cayetano on 6 July 2017 in which Swaraj had expressed sympathies and condolences for the tragic loss of life in Marawi city.

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4) Indian women’s cricket captain Mithali Raj created history during the World Cup ODI against Australia on 12 July 2017 when she became the leading run-scorer in women’s ODI cricket. Whose record of 5992 runs she broke? – Charlotte Edwards (England)

Explanation: Mithali Raj on 12 July 2017 became the leading run-scorer in women’s One Day International (ODI) cricket as she broke English cricketer Charlotte Edwards of 5992 runs. This feat was achieved during India’s match against Australia in the ongoing ICC Women’s World Cup 2017 match played at Bristol.

Not only did Mithali go past the Englishwoman’s world record but she also became the first ever woman cricketer to touch the 6,000 ODI runs mark.

It is worth mentioning that 34-year old Mithali, who made her debut at the age of 16, has often been called the Sachin Tendulkar of Indian women’s cricket.

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5) The National Green Tribunal (NGT) on 12 July 2017 imposed a total countrywide ban on which product due to its threat to birds, animals, humans as well as the environment? – Nylon or synthetic manjha (synthetic kite string)

Explanation: A bench of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) headed by its chairperson Justice Swatanter Kumar, on 12 July 2017 passed a judgment imposing a total ban on nylon or any synthetic manjha (also called Chinese manjha), including the ones coated with non-biodegradable substances. Manjhas are used to fly kites.

It pronounced this judgment on a plea filed by Khalid Ashraf, Smt. Rani and non-profit organisation People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). Family members of Ashraf and Smt. Rani were fatally injured after a razor sharp nylon kite string slit their throat.

However, the NGT made a clear distinction and emphasized that it had not banned use of traditional cotton manjha or kite string for kite flying during festivals and for recreational activity. It even added that traditional cotton kite strings, coated with powdered glass, could be used as the glass was coated using adhesives which reduced its sharpness.

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